Jul 17 – 22, 2022
Royal Conservatory of Music, Toronto
America/Toronto timezone

Towards a cw superradiant laser: Continuous strong coupling and transport of 88Sr atoms in a ring cavity

Jul 21, 2022, 5:00 PM
1h 30m
Hart House (Hart House)

Hart House

Hart House

7 Hart House Cir, Toronto, ON M5S 3H3
Poster presentation Precision measurement and tests of fundamental physics Poster session


Superradiant lasers are a promising path towards realizing a narrow-linewidth, high-precision and high-bandwidth active frequency reference [1]. They shift the phase memory from the optical cavity, which is subject to technical and thermal vibration noise, to an ultra-narrow optical atomic transition of an ensemble of cold atoms trapped inside the cavity. Our previous demonstration of pulsed superradiance on the mHz transition in $^{87}$Sr [2,3] achieved a fractional Allan deviation of 6.7·$10^{-16}$ at 1s of averaging. Moving towards continuous-wave superradiance promises to further improve the short-term frequency stability by orders of magnitude. A key challenge in realizing a cw superradiant laser is the continuous supply of cold atoms into a cavity, while staying in the collective strong coupling regime. 
We demonstrate continuous loading of cold $^{88}$Sr atoms into a ring cavity, after several stages of laser cooling and slowing. We characterize controlled transport of the atoms within the ring cavity using an intracavity travelling wave optical lattice, and demonstrate continuous strong collective atom-cavity coupling through continuous measurement of the vacuum Rabi splitting. We further present ongoing work on characterising apparent continuous collective light emission of the atoms on the 7.5kHz transition in $^{88}$Sr.
[1] D. Meiser et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 163601 (2009).
[2] M. A. Norcia et al., Science Advances 2, e1601231 (2016)
[3] M. A. Norcia et al., PRX 8, 021036 (2018)

Presenter name Vera Schäfer
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Primary authors

Vera M Schäfer (JILA, University of Boulder, Colorado) Julia R K Cline (JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder) Zhijing Niu (JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder) Dylan J Young (JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder) Eric Song (JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder) Prof. James K Thompson (JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder)

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